A Governance Model For the .nyc TLD

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of by for the people

Jackson Hts., New York, December 3, 2014 – The existing term of the members of the mayor’s .NYC Community Advisory Board expires on December 31. What’s next?

At a recent New York meeting before key participants in the city’s Internet industry, ICANN’s CEO Fadi Chehade suggested that CGI.br, the Brazilian governance body overseeing the .br TLD, might provide a good lesson for cities looking at governance models. For background on CGI.br we put this page together. Additionally, our wiki has several background pages on the Internet Governance Ecology.

To address the issue, a December 17 meeting of the .NYC Community Advisory Board has been scheduled. The preliminary call set the following parameters:

We would like to propose a facilitated discussion on best practices in internet governance. The hope is that this discussion will provide us with a clear set of priorities and goals for 2015, thereby allowing us to set a specific course of action for the coming year. The discussion will run one hour.

 Sounds like the right move.


Panel & Holiday Party

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Jackson Hts., New York, December 3, 2014 – We’ve joined with the New York Internet Society to sponsor a Holiday Panel and Party on December 18. The panel’s focus is on Public Interest Commitments associated with various premium names that the city administration is planning to auction early next year, names such as news.nyc and hotels.nyc. Further details on these PICs and the party can be found in the below invitation.

The New York Internet Society & Connecting.nyc Inc.

Panel & Holiday Party

December 18, 6 PM – 10 PM
55 Washington Street, Room 321, Brooklyn (DUMBO) Map

(late arrivers needing entry assistance should call 917 579 2950)

6:30 pm Premium .nyc Domain Names & Public Interest Commitments

Should those receiving development rights to domain names such as hotels.nyc, news.nyc, pizza.nyc, schools.nyc & sports.nyc have strings attached to their operation? Should these names be guides to our city’s resources? Or should Hotels.nyc’s owner be allowed to list only Hilton’s New York hotels?

        • Avri Doria, Internet policy expert intimate with the development of the concept at ICANN.
        • Gabriel Levitt, V.P. Pharmacyhchecker.com (on .pharmacy) is concerned that the lack of PICs will adversely affect the health of millions of U.S. residents.
        • Thomas Lowenhaupt, Connecting.nyc Inc. sees PICs as a way to establish signposts for city resources and demonstrating the city’s commitment to the long term development of .nyc.
        • Jeff Merritt, Mayor’s Office of Technology and Innovation (Invited) oversees such city technology developments as .nyc and its pay phone / wi-fi projects.
        • The city’s contractor for .nyc TLD, (Invited) has a decade of experience developing TLDs.

7:30 pm Party with fellow Internet Society members. Meet prospective members.

Interested in city tech policy and meeting interesting people over a bottle of beer? You’re invited. Holiday cheer & a light snack. RSVP: [email protected]

Can’t make it? See it on livestream: https://new.livestream.com/internetsociety/dotnyc

ISOC-NY – advocating for New York’s Internet needs since 1997
Connecting .NYC – shaping .nyc and our dotNeighborhoods


Fadi’s Chehade’s Advice for “The Reference City”

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ICANN's Fadi Chehade at NYC's Municipal Building November 24, 2014Jackson Hts., New York, November 27, 2014  – ICANN’s CEO Fadi Chehade met Monday with a group of New Yorkers from city government, civil society, and business in the offices of Manhattan Borough President Gale Brewer.

After introductions and an update on .nyc’s status, Fadi told the attendees that in his travels he is often asked by mayors “What is New York doing about .nyc?” To the mayors, he noted, “New York is the reference city.”

(The inside joke is that most new things are tried and tested elsewhere and then adopted in New York. But they receive their first wide publicity only after the city’s mass of media gives notice. The city’s pols sometimes shine their innovator credentials with new developments and feed the originality myth. In this instance however, the idea of a city-TLD did originate here. And now, as Fadi said, the whole world is watching.)

So how do we make .nyc a positive reference for the hundreds of cities that will be be acquiring their TLDs over the next few years? Fadi was very interested in the city’s nexus policy and suggested it fit with one of the unique development’s he’s seen for new TLDs – authentication. As an example he noted that the Catholic Church has a 10 year plan to replace its centuries old Red Book, the current authoritative listing of Catholic organizations, with the .catholic TLD. Message #1, make nexus work and build upon it.

Fadi also encouraged the city to find a good model for public participation in our TLD’s governance. He pointed to the success Brazil has experienced with its “multistakeholder” governance structure for the .br TLD. Most interesting, the governance entity has 21 members with the government appointing 9 – a minority. Fadi, turning to the government officials present suggested that “ceding a little bit of the city’s power creates a community which is very powerful.” As a resident it seems a gamble worth taking. But government loosening its grip on power is indeed a rare event. More on the .br oversight by CGI.br can be found here.

For the meeting’s full recording which, in addition to the above, touched on global Internet governance issues, see here. Commons Graphic shows Manhattan Borough President Gale Brewer and ICANN CEO Fadi Chehade.


Of Master Plans & GreeneStreet.nyc

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Jackson Hts., New York, November 23, 2014 – While the language spoken was economics and the focus on ways to plan for further urbanization, last week’s Cities and Development: Urban Determinants of Success conference at New York University provided a salient message for cities planning their TLDs: create a master plan but use a marketing oriented development process.

The conferences’ premise was that urbanization willCommissioners Plan of 1811 continue as our planet’s population increases from 7 to 10 billion, requiring the building of cities for 5 billion additional residents. Paul Romer started things off with The Power of the Grid, a talk that put New York’s Commissioners’ Plan of 1811 at the center of our city’s successful development. Noting the grid’s development utility, its ease for packaging land parcels, and its reservation of 30% of the land for public use (mostly streets and sidewalks), Professor Romer urged that similar grids be central to planning for the 5 billion new residents that will move to cities over the next century.

In making this pitch Romer emphasized the utility the 1811 Plan’s public space, providing the opportunity for 200 years worth of city enhancements: water, gas, electric, and communication utilities below the streets. And transportation below (subways) and on the streets.

As Romer spoke I wondered how well we’d done planning our city’s TLD. Have we provided the capacity to build and evolve over the coming decades? If the Neustar contract is our TLD’s equivalent to the Commissioners’ Plan of 1811, what is the quality of our planning effort? The elements that come to mind are the reserved names – the 800 neighborhood, BID, function, and institution names; the blocked/nuisance names; and the 2,000 premium names set for high-bid auction next year. Have we matched the thoroughness and thoughtfulness of the 1811 city builders? Are there changes we might still make, e.g., would capacity improve if we attached public interest commitments to the premium names?

Romer concluded his presentation noting that in these globalized times the efficiency of a city’s operations was key to corporate decisions on locating their resources. If our digital plan is measured in this regard how will our city fare? Will the hundreds of cities soon to acquire their TLDs learn from our experiences and best us?

Moving from telescope to microscope, next up were Bill Easterly and Laura Freschi who gave a 400 year history of one city block – Greene Street between Prince and Houston. The ups and downs of the block were presented in fine detail, from the days of its first European owners – when it was farmland owned and cultivated by slaves – to today’s sheik stores and multi-million dollar residences. The message was that the details of ownership and use are best taken care of by the market.


Most interesting from a city-TLD perspective was the presentation’s concluding slide showing that the good professors had acquired development rights for the GreeneStreet.nyc domain name – see graphic. After the presentation I introduced myself to Bill Easterly and, noting my interest in city-TLDs, asked what the future held for greenestreet.nyc. A jovial fellow, he indicated their intent to use it to present and further their research on Greene Street, and that it was intended for public use.

Later I wondered about governance and access rights by residents of the other 10 blocks of Greene Street, and if perhaps our city would have been better served if our street names had public interest commitments attached.


Report: November 10 .NYC Advisory Board Meeting

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City-HallJackson Hts., New York, November 15, 2014 – The mayor’s .NYC Community Advisory Board met in city hall’s Brooklyn Room on Monday November 10, 2014. The meeting’s highlights included a discussion of metrics that might be used to determine if the TLD has had a positive impact on city life, a report on the Landrush and Landrush auctions, and a preview of future plans.

The metrics discussion was sparked by Jeff Merritt and facilitated by a paper presenting 20 indicators that might be used.

  • city businesses using the TLD
  • government services using the TLD
  • smart portals aiding access to city resources
  • jobs created developing and operating smart portals
  • civic organizations using the TLD
  • improvements to digital literacy
  • schools with digital safety courses
  • properties using their city domain name
  • transportation stations/terminals using their city domain name
  • streets using portal names
  • buses using their city domain name
  • taxis using their city domain names
  • nexus policy audits
  • nexus name adjudications
  • neighborhoods with business/civic portals
  • TLD registry jobs created in city
  • TLD registrar jobs created in city
  • names with active websites
  • sites using DNSSEC
  • parked domains
  • Revenue remaining in city from domain names switched to the .nyc registry from from other TLDs
  • Advertising revenue generated by .nyc sites
  • A Google doc will be published with the board members (and presumably the public) invited to contribute additional indicators and their thoughts on what makes for a successful city-TLD.

    Also of interest was a report on the Landrush auctions, which ended October 3. The preliminary results were presented as follows:

    • A total of 10,506 domain names were requested. (Landrush provided early access to the pool of .nyc names at a premium price.)
    • 9,412 had only one applicant and became eligible for activation at the auction’s conclusion.
    • 1,094 had two or more applicants and required an auction to determine the developer.
    • 933 names were auctioned in 3 phases: those with A-K, L-R, and S-Z names. (160 original applicants did not sign up for the auction. These and 9 or 10 other names – that experienced assorted mishaps – were provided with a “second chance” in a Phase 4 auction. A report on the Phase 4 auction was not available at meeting time.)
    • In the Landrush auction’s first 3 phases 425 names had only one bidder and were awarded for $10 – the minimum bid, 93 were auctioned for between $11-$99, 268 for $100-$999, 145 for $1,000 to $9,999, and 10 went for more than $10,000: Marijuana.nyc, Townhouse.nyc, Karvmaga.nyc, CosmeticDentistry.nyc, Dentalimplants.nyc, PhysicalTherepy.nyc, Orthodontist.nyc, Selling.nyc, CarService.nyc, and bitcoin.nyc.

    The full report on the meeting is available on our wiki here.

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